Harvard School of Engineering offers a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) degree in Applied Physics, conferred through the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. Applied Physics at Harvard School of Engineering is at the intersection of physics and engineering. Applied physicists explore the phenomena that become the foundation of quantum and photonic devices and novel materials. They also study the fundamentals of complex systems, including living organisms. Research in this area focuses on photonics, quantum science and engineering, quantum materials, quantitative biology, soft matter physics, biomaterials and biophysics, and novel materials.